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Table 5 Kidney parameters of the rats treated with Z. mauritiana, C. occidentalis, and G. senegalensis

From: Toxicological evaluation of the leaves of Guiera senegalensis (J.F. Gme), Cassia occidentalis (Linn), and Ziziphus mauritiana (Lam)

ParameterControlZ. mauritianaG. senegalensisC. occidentalis
Na+ (mEq l−1)139.67 ± 10.3a139.00 ± 1 0.5a139.67 ± 10.3a140.33 ± 11.8a
K+ (mmol l−1)4.90 ± 0.5a4.33 ± 0.9a4.43 ± 0.2a4.13 ± 0.2a
Cl (mEq l−1)107.00 ± 5.8a101.00 ± 6.8a102.67 ± 4.9a102.67 ± 5.1a
Urea (mg dl−1)4.87 ± 0.3a4.07 ± 0.9b4.38 ± 0.3b4.00 ± 0.6b
Creatinine (ml min−1)68.00 ± 3.8a54.68 ± 3.7b54.33 ± 5.8b47.00 ± 4.5b
  1. Values were expressed as mean ± SE; number of rats per group (n) = 6; statistical test = Student’s t test; value along the row with different superscript letters as the control are statistically different from control at p < 0.05