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Table 2 One-way ANOVA of growth criteria of Ocimum basilicum under drought and mycorrhiza

From: Mycorrhizal impact on Ocimum basilicum grown under drought stress

Parameter Growth stage Soil field capacity
100% 70% 40%
Root length (cm) Seedling 6.11 ± 0.13c (7.17 ± 0.17c)* 4.23 ± 0.08b (4.94 ± 0.06b)* 2.24 ± 0.14a (3.44 ± 0.14a)*
  Vegetative 8.26 ± .10c (9.79 ± 0.18c)* 5.99 ± 0.14b (7.16 ± 0.11b)* 3.77 ± 0.07a (4.54 ± 0.12ba)*
  Flowering 9.49 ± 0.18c (10.97 ± 0.19c)* 7.21 ± 0.11b (8.23 ± 0.12b)* 4.99 ± 0.11a (5.81 ± 0.10a)*
  Fruiting 11.35 ± 0.48c (13.71 ± 0.37c)* 8.55 ± 0.37b (10.00 ± 0.34db)* 5.81 ± 0.40a (7.14 ± 0.29a)*
Root fresh weight (g) Seedling 0.06 ± 0.00C (0.13 ± 0.01C)* 0.03 ± 0.00ab (0.04 ± 0.00b)* 0.01 ± 0.00a (0.02 ± 0.00a)*
  Vegetative 0.16 ± 0.00c (.29 ± 0.01c)* 0.09 ± 0.00b (0.13 ± 0.00b)* 0.03 ± 0.00a (0.07 ± 0.00a)*
  Flowering 0.32 ± 0.01c (0.45 ± 0.01c)* 0.16 ± 0.00b (.22 ± 0.01b)* 0.07 ± 0.01a (0.12 ± 0.01a)*
  Fruiting 0.49 ± 0.04c (0.75 ± 0.08c)* 0.19 ± 0.02b (0.31 ± 0.05b)* 0.09 ± 0.02a (0.13 ± 0.01a)*
Root dry weight (g) Seedling 0.04 ± 0.00c (0.06 ± 0.00b)* 0.02 ± .00b (03 ± .00a)* 0.01 ± 0.00a (0.03 ± 0.00a)ns
  Vegetative 0.07 ± 0.0031c (0.09 ± 0.003b)* 0.05 ± 0.0009b (.06 ± 0.0016a)* 0.02 ± .0008a (0.03 ± 0.0008a)*
  Flowering 0.33 ± 0.012b (0.48 ± 0.021b)* 0.10 ± 0.005ab (0.38 ± 0.226b)* 0.04 ± 0.001a (0.06 ± 0.004a)*
  Fruiting 0.42 ± 0.013c (0.61 ± 0.014b)* 0.15 ± 0.006b (0.24 ± 0.011b)* 0.07 ± 0.003a (0.11 ± 0.005a)*
Shoot length (cm) Seedling 11.82 ± 0.24c (14.43 ± 0.13c)* 9.28 ± 0.15b (10.48 ± 0.11b)* 6.38 ± 0.26a (8.03 ± 0.09a)*
  Vegetative 20.81 ± 0.99c (24.07 ± 0.28c)* 16.9 ± 0.24b (18.80 ± 0.18b)* 11.76 ± 0.21a (14.63 ± 0.16a)ns
  Flowering 24.97 ± 0.38c (27.14 ± 0.51c)* 18.36 ± 0.18b (20.57 ± 0.23b)* 13.86 ± 0.4a (16.39 ± 0.15a)*
  Fruiting 27.81 ± 0.99c (34.12 ± 1.34c)* 20.71 ± 0.93b (25.3 ± 0.63b)** 15.17 ± 0.52a (18.31 ± 0.37a)*
Shoot fresh weight (g) Seedling 0.7 ± 0.02c (1.38 ± 0.08c)* 0.4 ± 0.01b (0.54 ± 0.02b)* 0.27 ± 0.01a (0.33 ± 0.01a)*
  Vegetative 3.98 ± .19c (5.35 ± .10c)* 1.74 ± .04b (2.69 ± .04b)* 0.53 ± 0.03a (0.98 ± 0.03a)*
  Flowering 4.51 ± 0.08c (6.73 ± 0.10c)* 2.62 ± 0.08b (3.49 ± 0.12b)* 1.20 ± 0.09a (1.76 ± 0.08a)*
  Fruiting 5.44 ± 0.60c (8.89 ± 1.14c)* 2.66 ± .20b (4.00 ± 0.33b)* 1.43 ± 0.12a (1.89 ± 0.13a)*
Shoot dry weight (g) Seedling 0.34 ± 0.01c (0.41 ± 0.01c)* 0.20 ± 0.00b (0.26 ± 0.01b)* 0.09 ± 0.00a (0.14 ± 0.01a)*
  Vegetative 1.64 ± 0.04c (2.09 ± 0.07c)* 0.98 ± 0.03b (1.34 ± 0.03b)* 0.37 ± 0.002a (0.02 ± 0.0008a)*
  Flowering 2.84 ± 0.15c (4.07 ± 0.08c)* 1.31 ± 0.05b (1.86 ± 0.08b)* 0.6 ± 0.01a (0.92 ± 0.03a)*
  Fruiting 3.94 ± 0.13c (5.02 ± 0.11c)* 2.25 ± 0.06b (3.02 ± 0.14b)* 1.20 ± 0.06a (1.83 ± 0.08a)*
  1. Values of parameters in parentheses correspond to the application of mycorrhiza. Values in a row with different superscript letters are significantly different at P < 0.05. *Significant effect of mycorrhiza application at each soil field capacity at P < 0.05 according to t-test. ns: non-significant effect of mycorrhiza application at each soil field capacity at P < 0.05 according to t-test