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Table 3 Examples of the application of nisin under high-pressure conditions showing increased microbial inactivation

From: Bacteriocins from lactic acid bacteria: purification strategies and applications in food and medical industries: a review

Treatment Target organism(s) Substrate Inactivation References
High pressure and nisin E. coli and P. fluorescens Skim milk  > 8 log CFU/mL reduction E. P. Black et al. [18]
  L. innocua and E. coli Carrot juice 7-log CFU/mL reduction Pokhrel et al. [116]
  S. aureus Cheese 7 log CFU/g reduction Capellas et al. [24]
  S. aureus Milk cheese  > 7 log CFU/g reduction on day 3 Arqués et al. [7]
  L. innocua and E. coli Avocado dressing  > 7 log CFU/mL reduction Manolya E Oner [106, 107]
  S. Enteritidis Broth 8 log CFU/mL reduction J. Lee et al. [79]
  S. Enteritidis Broth  > 9 log CFU/mL reduction Ogihara et al. [103]
  Escherichia coli Green juice (celery stalk, apple, cucumber, parsley) 7 log CFU/mL reduction Manolya E Oner [106, 107]
  Mesophilic spore count Liquid micellar casein concentrates 2 log CFU/g reduction García et al. [52]
  Spores of A. acidoterrestris Apple juice 6.15 log CFU/g reduction Sokołowska et al. [137]
High pressure CO2 (HPCD) and nisin Spores of B. subtilis Broth 4.1 log CFU/mL reduction Rao et al. [120]
  Spores of B. subtilis, G. stearothermophilus Metal plate  > 7 log CFU/mL reduction da Silva et al. [35]
High hydrostatic pressure (HP), moderate heat and nisin Spores of B. sporothermodurans Broth 5 log CFU/mL reduction Aouadhi et al. [5]
  Spores of C. perfringens Milk 6 log CFU/mL reduction Y. Gao et al. [51]
  Paenibacillus sp. and Terribacillus aidingensis spores UHT milk 6 log CFU/mL and 4 log CFU/mL reduction Kmiha, et al. [75, 76]