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Table 2 Association between temperament scale and horse’s gender, breed, and age

From: Relationship of horse temperament with breed, age, sex, and body characteristics: a questionnaire-based study

Temperament scale   Gender Total χ2
Male Female   
Higher scale 43 35 78 89.7
Lower scale 5 2 7 0.000
  Breed   
  Arabian English thoroughbred Hybrid Unknown   
Higher scale 33 14 18 13 78 108.3
Lower scale 1 2 4 0 7 0.000
  Age   
  1–3.5 years 4–9 years 10–25 years   
Higher scale 19 31 8 58 18.06
Lower scale 2 2 1 5 0.58
  1. Results are represented as a frequency
  2. χ2 is represented as Pearson’s chi-square value and significance